HA Bessemer
1515 Fairfax Avenue
Bessemer, Jefferson County, AL


Section 8 Waiting List Status:

Affordable Housing Online is tracking the status of the HA Bessemer Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Waiting List. This is what we know as of our most recent update on June 5th, 2015

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The Section 8 and Public Housing programs administered by this housing authority are often over subscribed requiring the use of a waiting list. The waiting list would typically only open for brief periods. To find out of the waiting list is open or when it may open, please contact the housing authority directly.

Resident Characteristics
as of June 30, 2015

HA Bessemer operates 874 affordable units across its public housing portfolio.

Bedroom Sizes of Public Housing Units

The bedroom sizes of HA Bessemer public housing units range from studio apartments to 5 bedroom apartments. The housing authority’s public housing inventory includes: 3% studio apartments, 27% 1 bedroom apartments, 39% 2 bedroom apartments, 25% 3 bedroom apartments, 5% 4 bedroom apartments and 1% 5 bedroom apartments.

Vacancies in Public Housing Portfolio

As of HA Bessemer’s most recent Resident Characteristics Report (June 30, 2015), the 16-month average number of units occupied was 832 out of a total 874 rental units. This represents a 16-month average vacany rate of 4.81%.

Family Type

Of the 768 households who reported head of household data in the housing authority’s most recent RCR report, 148 (19.27%) were elderly, 620 (80.73%) were non-elderly, 365 (47.53%) were disabled, 397 (51.69%) contained children and 389 (50.65%) were headed by a female.

Tenant Contributions to Rent

Residents of public housing pay rent based on their income. The rent contribution of the tenant is called the Total Tenant Payment (TTP). The TTP is generally 30% of a residents income with a $25 (National minimum) to $50 (some PHA’s) minimum rent. Based on the information in the most recent Resident Characteristics Report (June 30, 2015) the minimum rent in HA Bessemer's public housing developments is $50.

The average tenant rent contribution for HA Bessemer’s public housing developments is $259.

The average tenant contribution for elderly residents residing in all properties across the housing authority’s public housing portfolio is $258. The average rent payment for disabled residents is $256. The average TTP for non-elderly, non-disabled renters in the housing authority’s public housing units is $511. Households headed by females had a total tenant payment of $166.

Race and Ethnicity

The HUD Resident Characteristics Report provides updated Head of Household race and ethnicity data at the housing authority and property level. Across all properties in the HA Bessemer portfolio, 95% of households identified as Black, 5% identified as White, and 0% identified as Hispanic or Latino.

Income of Public Housing Residents

HUD divides household income into four categories: Extremely Low Income (ELI) for households earning less than 30% of the median, Very Low Income (VLI) for households earning between 30% and 50% of the median, Low Income (LI) for households earning between 50% and 80% of the median and Above Low Income for households earning 81% of the median and over.

Of the public housing residents residing in HA Bessemer properties, 646 were Extremely Low Income, 149 were Very Low Income, 28 were Low Income and 8 were Above Low Income.

The average annual income of public housing residents living in HA Bessemer properties is $10,767. Of all public housing residents, 2% have no income and 5% earn more than $25,000 while 93% have incomes that fall between $0 and $25,000.

The HUD RCR data includes source of income information as well. The data includes five categories of family income: wage income, welfare income, SSI/SS/Pension income, other income and no income. Some families receive income in multiple categories.

Among families residing in HA Bessemer public housing 26% have wage income, 64% have welfare income, 58% have SSI/SS/Pension income, 22% have other income and 0% have no income.

Household Information of Public Housing Residents

As of the last HUD RCR report (June 30, 2015), there were a total of 831 households containing 1,832 total persons residing in the housing authority’s public housing properties. The average household size across all properties in the housing authority’s public housing portfolio was 2.2.

Across all units operated by the housing authority, 51.69% of households included children. Across all household members in HA Bessemer public houins units 17.7% are aged zero to five and 27.4% are aged 6 to 17.

12% of all residents across the housing authority were age 62 or older and are considered seniors while 42.9% of all residents were aged 18 to 61.

Length of Stay at Public Housing Properties

The HUD RCR report includes length of stay data for HA Bessemer public housing communities. 16.61% of all families residing in public housing have lived there for less than 1 year, 10.47% have lived in public housing for 1 to 2 years while 72.92% have lived in public housing for more than 2 years.

Assisted Unit Distribution What is Housing Assistance?

The HA Bessemer administers both a public housing and Section 8 housing voucher program. The housing authority owns and manages 8 projects which contain 1,194 affordable rental units. It also administers 539 Section 8 housing vouchers.

According to HUD, HA Bessemer is determined to be a Medium High public housing authority, meaning it manages between 500 - 1,249 public housing units. Also according to the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the housing authority is designated as Medium High, meaning it administers 500 - 1,249 Section 8 vouchers.

Comparing the housing assistance distribution of HA Bessemer between Public Housing Units (69%) and Section 8 Housing Vouchers (31%) to that of all housing authorities in Alabama, HA Bessemer has a larger proportion of public housing units than the average housing authority. The housing authority’s proportion of Section 8 vouchers under management is larger than the average housing authority in Alabama.

Source United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (hud.gov, 2014)

SEMAP Performance What are SEMAP Scores?

Each year HUD reviews and scores the housing authority’s Section 8 program management based on 14 different criteria. This score is a reflection of how well the housing authority manages the Section 8 waiting list, the physical quality of housing assisted with Section 8 and the financial management of the program.

From 2001 to 2009, HA Bessemer scored an average of 83 points as of the last set of publicly available data. The housing authority had a high score of 100 in 2002 and a low score of 57 in 2004. The average SEMAP Score for Housing Authorities in Alabama is 73.82.

HA Bessemer has an average score that is more than the average Alabama housing authority. Higher SEMAP scores indicate more effective financial management, a smoother waiting list process and higher quality physical conditions at assisted properties.

Source President's Open Government Directive (hud.gov/offices/pih/, 2012)

Latest Public Housing Inspection Scores What are REAC Scores?

Every public housing project is inspected every one to three years by HUD.

HA Bessemer manages 7 rental properties which, as of the last set of publicly available data, have an average inspection score of 69. The scores for properties managed by HA Bessemer range from a high of 84 to a low of 51.

The highest scoring property in the HA Bessemer portfolio is Thompson Manor and the lowest scoring property is Sunset Homes.

To be a passing score a public housing property must have a score of 60 or more. 86% of properties managed by HA Bessemer have a passing score.

Source United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (data.gov, 2014)

Housing Authority Annual and 5 Year Plans

Public housing agencies, also called public housing authorities, which receive funding from HUD, are required to submit and receive approval from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development of both an Annual Plan and a 5 Year Plan. These plans establish each housing authority’s policies, strategies, programs and operations for meeting the housing needs of persons within their target area.

The housing authority plans include specific details about the cost of renovations to real estate (also known as capital improvements), changes to Section 8 HCV policies, planned redevelopment of public housing projects and other major administrative changes.

Following are the HUD-approved public housing agency plans for HA Bessemer.

Year Date Approved Plan PDF Document
2011 10/21/11 Plan
2010 5/17/10 Plan
2009 10/2/09 Plan
2008 8/18/08 Plan
2007 7/23/07 Plan
2006 11/8/06 Plan
2005 10/31/05 Plan
2004 6/1/04 Plan
2001 8/8/01 Plan
2000 9/12/00 Plan