Rental Housing In Connecticut

Connecticut Rental Overview

The population of Connecticut, according to the 2010 Census, is 3,574,097. The total number of households in the state is 1,371,087. The average household size for Connecticut is 2.43. The total number of renter households in the state is 445,801 which means that 32.51% of households are renter households. Compared to all other U.S. States, Connecticut is ranked 26th in percentage of renters. District Of Columbia is ranked first with 57.99% and West Virginia ranks last with only 26.55%.

According to the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, the median rent paid among all renter households and housing types and sizes in Connecticut is $1,042 per month. Ranked against all other states in the country, Connecticut ranks 10th for the highest median rent. Hawaii ranks first at $1,387 and West Virginia ranks last at $618. Though rents are set more locally, statewide median rents provide a basic outlook of housing costs for each state.

The number of vacant rental units in Connecticut is 34,502 representing a vacancy rate of 7.3%. Among all U.S. states, Connecticut ranks 27th for the lowest vacancy rates. New York ranks first with a vacancy rate of 4.5% and South Carolina ranks last with a vacancy rate of 12.9%. As lower vacancy rates are an indication of a healthier rental housing portfolio, Connecticut’s rental housing portfolio is performing at the National average.

ProgramProjectsUnits
Project Based Section 8 314 22,411
Section 202 108 4,256
Section 811 23 235
Section 515 63 2,482
RDRA 61 1,762
LIHTC 291 17,087
Senior 181 8,400
Public Housing 624 61,568
Section 8 Voucher 51 40,244
Total 709 50,187
Note: The total does not necessarily equal the sum of each program as some properties may participate in multiple funding programs.

‡This program is not project based, instead Housing Authorities provide vouchers to individual renters. In the state of Connecticut there are 51 independent Housing Authorities that may issue these vouchers.

The average number of units per property for affordable rentals in Connecticut is 70.80. The largest market for federally assisted housing in the state is Hartford at 7,474 units and the smallest is Hebron at 6 unit(s). 181 apartment properties provide housing for seniors containing 8,400 units. Of the 50,187 units, 79,891 units include some form of rental assistance (like Section 8) to make rent more affordable for very low income families.

Affordable Housing by Counties in Connecticut ranked by federally assisted units

There are 8 counties or county equivalents in Connecticut. The county or county equivalent with the largest population is Fairfield County at 916,829 and the smallest is Windham County at 118,428. The county or county equivalent with the largest percentage of renter households is New Haven County at 36.57% and The county or county equivalent with lowest portion of renters is Litchfield County at 23.73%.

The density of Federal housing assistance at the county level in Connecticut ranges from a low of 111.3 units per 1,000 renter households in Litchfield County to a high of 284.6 units per 1,000 renter households in Hartford County. The average Federal housing assistance density for all counties in Connecticut is 178.8 units per 1,000 renter households.

The table below summarizes the Federally assisted housing located in each county in Connecticut. All major affordable housing programs are provided on a county by county basis. Click on the name of the county to see a more in depth summary of affordable housing in that county.

CountyTotal Units
Hartford County 16,044
New Haven County 14,012
Fairfield County 9,130
New London County 4,319
Windham County 2,142
Middlesex County 1,910
Litchfield County 1,481
Tolland County 1,094

Affordable Housing by City in Connecticut ranked by federally assisted units

We are tracking 133 cities in Connecticut that have at least one Federally assisted housing community. With a population of 3,574,097, Unionville has the largest population of these cities. There are 4 Federally assisted housing communities in Unionville which are home to about 158 families, most of which are lower income families.

The table below provides a summary of all Federally assisted housing communities by city in Connecticut. All the major affordable housing funding program breakdowns are provided. Click on the city name to get a full affordable rental housing report for each city in Connecticut.

CityTotal Units
Hartford 7,474
New Haven 5,627
Waterbury 3,975
Stamford 3,388
Bridgeport 2,458
Middletown 1,425
New London 1,421
New Britain 1,311
Meriden 1,169
Norwich 1,072
Bristol 1,053
Norwalk 984
Willimantic 937
East Hartford 927
Danbury 809
Groton 701
Manchester 670
West Haven 590
Torrington 582
Bloomfield 439
Hamden 431
Southington 429
Vernon 422
Wethersfield 417
Berlin 398
Farmington 386
Dayville 383
East Haven 378
Broad Brook 360
Wallingford 349
Avon 294
Colchester 271
South Windsor 254
North Haven 251
Newington 243
West Hartford 242
Putnam 219
Shelton 218
Canton 211
Fairfield 195
Winsted 194
New Milford 193
Wolcott 189
Naugatuck 174
Glastonbury 168
Bethel 165
Ridgefield 162
Pawcatuck 160
Milford 159
Niantic 158
Unionville 158
Greenwich 157
Cheshire 148
Somers 147
Cromwell 147
New Canaan 147
Plainfield 135
Newtown 134
Danielson 132
Granby 125
Waterford 120
Brooklyn 120
Rockville 113
Moosup 112
Branford 111
East Lyme 101
Talcottville 100
Storrs 100
Taftville 98
Westport 97
Westbrook 96
Madison 90
Southbury 88
Wilton 85
Tariffville 81
Oakville 80
Trumbull 80
Canterbury 76
Enfield 75
East Granby 72
Middlebury 71
Stafford Springs 68
Woodbury 60
Ansonia 58
Seymour 56
South Norwalk 51
Simsbury 50
Kent 48
Bantam 48
Bethlehem 48
Jewett City 48
Clinton 48
Chester 46
Noank 46
Plainville 44
Warehouse Point 43
Kensington 40
Windsor 40
Suffield 40
North Canaan 37
Lebanon 36
Moodus 36
Old Saybrook 36
Guilford 34
Derby 34
Terryville 34
Thomaston 33
Willington 32
Tolland 32
Rockfall 30
Woodbridge 30
North Grosvenordale 28
Norfolk 28
Griswold 28
North Franklin 27
Harwinton 26
Columbia 24
Durham 24
Canaan 24
Old Lyme 24
Andover 24
Haddam 22
Windsor Locks 21
Mansfield 20
Burlington 18
Roxbury 18
Salisbury 16
West Granby 12
East Hartland 12
Hebron 6
Plymouth 6
Coventry 6
Watertown 6

Housing Authorities in Connecticut ranked by assisted units and vouchers

Housing authorities are governmental (or quasi-governmental) entities that manage various Federal housing assistance programs on behalf of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These programs include Public Housing, Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers and other programs.

There are 51 housing authorities in Connecticut. These housing authorities own and operate an aggregate of public housing units and administer Section 8 rental vouchers. Of the 51 housing authorities, 58.8% have both a public housing and Section 8 program.

The largest housing authority in Connecticut by total housing assistance units managed is Connecticut Department of Social Services with 7,197 public housing units under management (0 public housing units and 7,197 Section 8 vouchers).

The table below provides a list of housing authorities in Connecticut and includes each housing authorities public housing and Section 8 voucher count. Click on the housing authority name to get more details on the housing authority.

NamePublic Housing UnitsSection 8 Vouchers
Connecticut Department of Social Services - 7,197
Elm City Communities/ Housing Authority of New Haven 2,492 4,479
Housing Authority of the City of Bridgeport 2,582 2,814
Hartford Housing Authority - 5,110
Waterbury Housing AuthorityWaterbury Housing Authority 783 2,809
Housing Authority of the City of Hartford 1,249 2,267
Stamford Housing Authority 502 1,462
West Haven Housing Authority 611 1,119
Housing Authority of the City of Norwalk 853 842
Housing Authority of the City of New Britain 803 851
Middletown Housing Authority 247 1,364
Bristol Housing Authority 541 679
Housing Authority of the City of Danbury 402 802
Housing Authority of the City of Meriden 359 726
East Hartford Housing Authority 619 431
Housing Authority of the City of Ansonia 243 732
Housing Authority of the Town of Manchester 317 504
Willimantic Housing Authority 250 506
Torrington Housing Authority 430 305
Norwich Housing Authority 177 514
Greenwich Housing Authority 327 343
Housing Authority of the Town of West Hartfor - 670
Vernon Housing Authority 225 437
Milford Redevelopment And Housing Partnership 330 266
Housing Authority of the Town of Stratford 300 280
Naugatuck Housing Authority 136 249
Winchester Housing Authority 105 238
New London Housing Authority 223 114
Hamden Housing Authority - 305
Derby Housing Authority - 278
Housing Authority of the Town of Glastonbury 199 33
Windsor Locks Housing Authority 76 127
Plainfield Housing Authority - 197
Fairfield Housing Authority - 171
Putnam Housing Authority 124 34
Housing Authority of the Town of Windsor - 158
Mansfield Housing Authority - 149
Housing Authority of the Town of Enfield - 136
Portland Housing Authority 48 86
Housing Authority of the Town of Seymour 120 -
Wallingford Housing Authority - 114
Farmington Housing Authority - 90
Killingly Housing Authority - 85
Wethersfield Housing Authority - 46
East Haven Housing Authority - 46
South Windsor Housing Authority - 35
Newington Housing Authority - 30
New Canaan Housing Authority 18 -
Bloomfield Housing Authority 17 -
Canton Housing Authority - 14
Housing Authority of the Town of Brooklyn 11 -

Federally Assisted Affordable Rental Housing

According to our affordable housing data, Connecticut has a total of 709 rental properties that receive at least one form of Federal housing assistance and are at least partially reserved for low income persons. These properties contain an estimated 50,187 rental housing units. (Note: Some of the Federal source data we use does not include total unit count for a property -- most notably the LIHTC database -- so the number of units listed here may be less than the actual.)

The Public Housing Program is the largest assistance program by unit count. The program assists 61,568 in Connecticut. The charts below lay out how each Federal program impact affordable housing in Connecticut.

Federal Programs By Unit Count Hover over a bar to view

3,574,097

Population

2.43

Average Household Size

1,012,238

Total Renters

445,801

Renter Households

$1,036

Median Rent

$5,553,111,600/year

Gross Rent Paid By All Renters

34,853

Vacant Units For Rent

7.3%

Vacancy Rate

50,187

Federally Assisted Units

709

Federally Assisted Projects

291/17,087

Tax Credit Projects/Units

314/22,411

Project Based Section 8 Projects/Units

63/2,482

Section 515 Projects/Units

108/4,256

Section 202 Projects/Units

23/235

Section 811 Projects/Units

61/1,762

RD Rental Assisted Projects/Units

181/8,400

Senior Projects/Units

79,891

Units with Project Based Rent Subsidy

70.8

Average Units Per Property