Rental Housing In Virginia

Virginia Rental Overview

The population of Virginia, according to the 2010 Census, is 8,001,024. The total number of households in the state is 3,056,058. The average household size for Virginia is 2.44. The total number of renter households in the state is 1,000,872 which means that 32.75% of households are renter households. Compared to all other U.S. States, Virginia is ranked 22nd in percentage of renters. District Of Columbia is ranked first with 57.99% and West Virginia ranks last with only 26.55%.

According to the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, the median rent paid among all renter households and housing types and sizes in Virginia is $1,088 per month. Ranked against all other states in the country, Virginia ranks 8th for the highest median rent. Hawaii ranks first at $1,387 and West Virginia ranks last at $618. Though rents are set more locally, statewide median rents provide a basic outlook of housing costs for each state.

The number of vacant rental units in Virginia is 74,212 representing a vacancy rate of 7%. Among all U.S. states, Virginia ranks 24th for the lowest vacancy rates. New York ranks first with a vacancy rate of 4.5% and South Carolina ranks last with a vacancy rate of 12.9%. As lower vacancy rates are an indication of a healthier rental housing portfolio, Virginia’s rental housing portfolio is performing at the National average.

ProgramProjectsUnits
Project Based Section 8 299 27,766
Section 202 109 5,409
Section 811 106 785
Section 515 110 4,632
RDRA 98 3,241
LIHTC 609 52,774
Senior 186 10,662
Public Housing 101 8,238
Section 8 Voucher 44 50,266
Total 848 68,171
Note: The total does not necessarily equal the sum of each program as some properties may participate in multiple funding programs.

‡This program is not project based, instead Housing Authorities provide vouchers to individual renters. In the state of Virginia there are 44 independent Housing Authorities that may issue these vouchers.

The average number of units per property for affordable rentals in Virginia is 80.40. The largest market for federally assisted housing in the state is Richmond at 8,031 units and the smallest is Weyers Cave at 1 unit(s). 186 apartment properties provide housing for seniors containing 10,662 units. Of the 68,171 units, 6,419 units include some form of rental assistance (like Section 8) to make rent more affordable for very low income families.

Affordable Housing by Counties in Virginia ranked by federally assisted units

There are 91 counties or county equivalents in Virginia. The county or county equivalent with the largest population is Fairfax County at 1,081,726 and the smallest is Northumberland County at . The county or county equivalent with the largest percentage of renter households is Harrisonburg city at 63.42% and The county or county equivalent with lowest portion of renters is Northumberland County at 0%.

The density of Federal housing assistance at the county level in Virginia ranges from a low of 0 units per 1,000 renter households in Northumberland County to a high of 357.2 units per 1,000 renter households in Richmond city. The average Federal housing assistance density for all counties in Virginia is 106.9 units per 1,000 renter households.

The table below summarizes the Federally assisted housing located in each county in Virginia. All major affordable housing programs are provided on a county by county basis. Click on the name of the county to see a more in depth summary of affordable housing in that county.

CountyTotal Units
Fairfax County 5,445
Richmond city 4,805
Newport News city 4,455
Henrico County 3,809
Alexandria city 3,461
Norfolk city 3,408
Virginia Beach city 3,243
Arlington County 2,861
Portsmouth city 2,232
Prince William County 2,152
Lynchburg city 2,066
Chesapeake city 2,047
Roanoke city 1,613
Hampton city 1,583
Danville city 1,238
Chesterfield County 1,216
Roanoke County 1,206
Fredericksburg city 926
Stafford County 877
Montgomery County 779
Suffolk city 774
Manassas city 608
Spotsylvania County 601
Petersburg city 589
Staunton city 562
Bristol city 524
Loudoun County 513
James City County 509
Harrisonburg city 483
Culpeper County 483
Hanover County 478
Shenandoah County 425
Pulaski County 418
Albemarle County 417
Radford city 405
Halifax County 393
Northampton County 364
Martinsville city 354
Charlottesville city 342
Tazewell County 318
Fauquier County 311
King George County 269
Mecklenburg County 263
Frederick County 240
Wise County 240
Wythe County 236
Isle of Wight County 232
Galax city 228
Franklin city 221
Lexington city 220
Orange County 218
Franklin County 216
Bedford city 214
Henry County 193
Prince Edward County 190
Augusta County 190
Westmoreland County 184
Buena Vista city 172
Prince George County 156
Carroll County 148
Washington County 146
Surry County 142
Colonial Heights city 139
Lee County 123
Page County 114
Louisa County 110
Giles County 107
Amherst County 106
Accomack County 103
Gloucester County 96
Southampton County 92
Essex County 90
Rockbridge County 89
Appomattox County 82
Scott County 81
Grayson County 80
Caroline County 78
Lancaster County 76
Fairfax city 62
Richmond County 60
Nottoway County 60
King William County 59
Bedford County 50
Campbell County 41
Middlesex County 37
Craig County 34
Bath County 34
Dinwiddie County 30
Northumberland County 26
Buchanan County 20
Madison County 16

Affordable Housing by City in Virginia ranked by federally assisted units

We are tracking 192 cities in Virginia that have at least one Federally assisted housing community. With a population of 8,001,024, Spring Grove has the largest population of these cities. There are 2 Federally assisted housing communities in Spring Grove which are home to about 142 families, most of which are lower income families.

The table below provides a summary of all Federally assisted housing communities by city in Virginia. All the major affordable housing funding program breakdowns are provided. Click on the city name to get a full affordable rental housing report for each city in Virginia.

CityTotal Units
Richmond 8,031
Alexandria 5,206
Newport News 4,255
Norfolk 3,408
Arlington 2,861
Virginia Beach 2,700
Roanoke 2,285
Portsmouth 2,232
Lynchburg 2,066
Chesapeake 2,047
Hampton 1,783
Fredericksburg 1,248
Danville 1,238
Woodbridge 943
Reston 904
Manassas 903
Suffolk 774
Charlottesville 695
Petersburg 619
Staunton 586
Virginia Bch 543
Bristol 524
Springfield 517
Williamsburg 509
Culpeper 483
Harrisonburg 483
Martinsville 477
Stafford 466
Falls Church 448
Colonial Heights 431
Christiansburg 415
Glen Allen 407
Radford 405
South Boston 393
Fredericksbrg 369
Blacksburg 364
Vinton 331
Mechanicsville 328
Fairfax 321
Chester 316
Emporia 314
Front Royal 305
Herndon 305
Midlothian 301
Vienna 286
Clifton Forge 280
Galax 276
Gainesville 276
Dumfries 276
King George 269
Bedford 264
Pulaski 262
Burke 250
Annandale 246
Yorktown 238
Wytheville 236
Winchester 234
Lexington 226
Franklin 221
Rocky Mount 216
Strasburg 207
Waynesboro 202
Triangle 198
Warrenton 197
North Chesterfield 192
Spotsylvania 190
Farmville 190
Mclean 183
Lorton 182
Smithfield 180
Buena Vista 172
South Hill 168
New Market 156
Prince George 156
Dublin 156
Cape Charles 155
Ashland 150
Hopewell 150
Sterling 150
Manassas Park 148
Covington 148
Lawrenceville 142
Spring Grove 142
Exmore 141
Ashburn 137
Richlands 135
Colonial Beach 120
Bluefield 108
Bealeton 108
Mint Springs 108
Salem 106
Leesburg 100
Orange 100
Sandston 100
Berryville 97
Gloucester 96
Stephens City 94
Sterling Park 91
Purcellville 90
Parksley 90
Appalachia 88
Grottoes 85
Lebanon 84
Abingdon 84
Louisa 83
Appomattox 82
Independence 80
Saltville 80
Luray 78
Broadway 75
Bowling Green 74
Marion 72
Wise 72
Kilmarnock 70
Hillsville 68
Gordonsville 67
Montross 64
Bassett 64
Damascus 62
Woodstock 62
Courtland 60
Tazewell 60
Tappahanock 60
Warsaw 60
Blackstone 60
West Point 59
Madison Heights 58
Norton 56
Jonesville 51
Henrico 51
Chantilly 50
Cheriton 48
Amherst 48
Gretna 47
Big Stone Gap 46
Oakton 46
Raphine 46
Locust Grove 45
Chase City 45
Craigsville 44
Elkton 44
Rich Creek 42
Middletown 42
Pearisburg 42
Gate City 42
Clarksville 40
Stuart 40
Pennington Gap 40
Urbanna 37
Floyd 36
Stanley 36
Middleburg 36
Pound 34
Scottsville 34
New Castle 34
Victoria 32
Fries 32
Boykins 32
Rose Hill 32
Glasgow 32
Tappahannock 30
Mathews 30
Chatham 30
Crozet 30
Hot Springs 28
Lousia 27
Chesterfield 27
Reedville 26
Altavista 25
Duffield 24
Centreville 24
Keysville 24
Pembroke 23
Dillwyn 20
Nassawadox 20
Vansant 20
Brookneal 16
Quantico 16
Madison 16
Dungannon 15
Cedar Bluff 15
Alberta 13
Belle Haven 13
Zuni 12
La Crosse 10
Lively 6
Millboro 6
Martiinsville 6
Remington 6
Natural Bridge 5
Ruther Glen 4
Weyers Cave 1

Housing Authorities in Virginia ranked by assisted units and vouchers

Housing authorities are governmental (or quasi-governmental) entities that manage various Federal housing assistance programs on behalf of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These programs include Public Housing, Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers and other programs.

There are 44 housing authorities in Virginia. These housing authorities own and operate an aggregate of public housing units and administer Section 8 rental vouchers. Of the 44 housing authorities, 59.1% have both a public housing and Section 8 program.

The largest housing authority in Virginia by total housing assistance units managed is Virginia Housing Development Authority with 9,534 public housing units under management (0 public housing units and 9,534 Section 8 vouchers).

The table below provides a list of housing authorities in Virginia and includes each housing authorities public housing and Section 8 voucher count. Click on the housing authority name to get more details on the housing authority.

NamePublic Housing UnitsSection 8 Vouchers
Virginia Housing Development Authority - 9,534
Richmond Redevelopment & Housing Authority 3,993 3,361
Norfolk Redevelopment & Housing Authority 3,472 3,788
Fairfax County Redevelopment and Housing Authority 1,060 3,537
Newport News Redevelopment & Housng Authority 1,811 2,387
Hampton Redevelopment & Housing Authority 545 2,836
Roanoke Redevelopment & Housing Authority 1,262 1,942
Portsmouth Redevelopment & Housing Authority 1,022 1,949
Alexandria Redevelopment & Housing Authority 823 2,035
Chesapeake Redevelopment & Housing Authority 467 1,694
Prince William County Housing and Community Development - 2,038
Virginia Beach Housing & Neighborhood Preservation - 1,973
Arlington County Dept of Human Services - 1,546
Danville Redevelopment & Housing Authority 481 889
Lynchburg Redevelopment & Housing Authority 328 993
Suffolk Redevelopment And Housing Authority 466 821
Petersburg Redevelopment & Housing Authority 410 737
Charlottesville Redev & Housing Authority 375 695
Wise County Redevelopment & Housing Authority 192 758
Hopewell Redevelopment & Housing Authority 490 373
Harrisonburg Redevelopment & Housing Authority - 843
Loudoun County Department of Family Services - 763
Waynesboro Redevelopment & Housing Authority 188 481
Bristol Redevelopment & Housing Authority 410 254
Lee County Redevelopment & Housing Authority 81 532
Accomack-Northampton Regional Housing Auth - 538
Martinsville Redevelopment & Housng Authority - 491
Marion Redevelopment & Housing Authority 238 246
Franklin Redevelopment And Housing Authority 150 315
County of Albemarle/Office of Housing - 463
Staunton Redevelopment & Housing Authority 150 234
Wytheville Redev. & Housing Authority 220 135
Norton Redevelopment & Housing Authority 218 110
Scott County Redev. & Housing Authority 111 197
Cumberland Plateau Regional Housing Authority 307 -
James City County Office of Hsg & Comm Dev - 154
Abingdon Redevelopment And Housing Authority 28 121
Big Stone Gap Redevelopment And Housing Auth. - 124
Williamsburg Redevelopment & Housing Auth. 104 -
People Inc. of Southwest Virginia - 91
Roanoke Total Action Against Poverty - 83
Piedmont Housing Alliance - 75
Buckingham Housing Development Corp. Inc. - 72
Covington Redevelopment & Housing Authority - 58

Federally Assisted Affordable Rental Housing

According to our affordable housing data, Virginia has a total of 848 rental properties that receive at least one form of Federal housing assistance and are at least partially reserved for low income persons. These properties contain an estimated 68,171 rental housing units. (Note: Some of the Federal source data we use does not include total unit count for a property -- most notably the LIHTC database -- so the number of units listed here may be less than the actual.)

The Low Income Housing Tax Credit Program is the largest assistance program by unit count. The program assists 52,774 in Virginia. The charts below lay out how each Federal program impact affordable housing in Virginia.

Federal Programs By Unit Count Hover over a bar to view

8,001,024

Population

2.44

Average Household Size

2,415,571

Total Renters

1,000,872

Renter Households

$1,075

Median Rent

$13,142,317,200/year

Gross Rent Paid By All Renters

75,224

Vacant Units For Rent

7%

Vacancy Rate

68,171

Federally Assisted Units

848

Federally Assisted Projects

609/52,774

Tax Credit Projects/Units

299/27,766

Project Based Section 8 Projects/Units

110/4,632

Section 515 Projects/Units

109/5,409

Section 202 Projects/Units

106/785

Section 811 Projects/Units

98/3,241

RD Rental Assisted Projects/Units

186/10,662

Senior Projects/Units

6,419

Units with Project Based Rent Subsidy

80.4

Average Units Per Property