Rental Housing In Alabama

Alabama Rental Overview

The population of Alabama, according to the 2010 Census, is 4,779,736. The total number of households in the state is 1,883,791. The average household size for Alabama is 2.42. The total number of renter households in the state is 571,202 which means that 30.32% of households are renter households. Compared to all other U.S. States, Alabama is ranked 41st in percentage of renters. District Of Columbia is ranked first with 57.99% and West Virginia ranks last with only 26.55%.

According to the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, the median rent paid among all renter households and housing types and sizes in Alabama is $698 per month. Ranked against all other states in the country, Alabama ranks 41st for the highest median rent. Hawaii ranks first at $1,353 and West Virginia ranks last at $606. Though rents are set more locally, statewide median rents provide a basic outlook of housing costs for each state.

The number of vacant rental units in Alabama is 53,296 representing a vacancy rate of 8.5%. Among all U.S. states, Alabama ranks 38th for the lowest vacancy rates. New York ranks first with a vacancy rate of 4.5% and South Carolina ranks last with a vacancy rate of 12.9%. As lower vacancy rates are an indication of a healthier rental housing portfolio, Alabama’s rental housing portfolio is performing below the National average.

ProgramProjectsUnits
Project Based Section 8 276 15,893
Section 202 118 5,459
Section 811 48 566
Section 515 449 14,661
RDRA 350 7,738
LIHTC 655 32,034
Senior 361 14,880
Public Housing 226 19,536
Section 8 Voucher 146 34,403
Total 1,257 59,330
Note: The total does not necessarily equal the sum of each program as some properties may participate in multiple funding programs.

‡This program is not project based, instead Housing Authorities provide vouchers to individual renters. In the state of Alabama there are 146 independent Housing Authorities that may issue these vouchers.

The average number of units per property for affordable rentals in Alabama is 47.20. The largest market for federally assisted housing in the state is Birmingham at 6,485 units and the smallest is Sheffield at 7 unit(s). 361 apartment properties provide housing for seniors containing 14,880 units. Of the 59,330 units, 29,678 units include some form of rental assistance (like Section 8) to make rent more affordable for very low income families.

Affordable Housing by Counties in Alabama ranked by federally assisted units

There are 66 counties or county equivalents in Alabama. The county or county equivalent with the largest population is Jefferson County at 658,466 and the smallest is Greene County at 9,045. The county or county equivalent with the largest percentage of renter households is Pike County at 40.16% and The county or county equivalent with lowest portion of renters is Washington County at 15.39%.

The density of Federal housing assistance at the county level in Alabama ranges from a low of 31.4 units per 1,000 renter households in Shelby County to a high of 462.2 units per 1,000 renter households in Perry County. The average Federal housing assistance density for all counties in Alabama is 189 units per 1,000 renter households.

The table below summarizes the Federally assisted housing located in each county in Alabama. All major affordable housing programs are provided on a county by county basis. Click on the name of the county to see a more in depth summary of affordable housing in that county.

CountyTotal Units
Jefferson County 8,046
Mobile County 6,273
Montgomery County 3,443
Madison County 2,951
Baldwin County 2,247
Tuscaloosa County 1,971
Etowah County 1,359
Talladega County 1,279
Morgan County 1,274
Lauderdale County 1,193
Lee County 1,161
Dale County 1,138
Marshall County 1,023
Limestone County 1,019
Houston County 971
Barbour County 887
Dallas County 882
Calhoun County 827
Clarke County 803
Jackson County 781
Russell County 758
Marion County 703
Escambia County 681
Cullman County 661
Macon County 632
Coffee County 627
Franklin County 627
Elmore County 613
Walker County 603
Covington County 589
Butler County 585
Blount County 536
DeKalb County 535
Pike County 515
Perry County 507
Sumter County 507
Tallapoosa County 500
Hale County 468
Marengo County 466
Fayette County 449
Pickens County 435
Colbert County 430
Autauga County 424
Shelby County 390
Lawrence County 372
Greene County 372
Lamar County 357
Monroe County 356
Winston County 336
Bibb County 310
Chambers County 310
Cherokee County 307
Choctaw County 298
Chilton County 294
Conecuh County 288
Clay County 280
Wilcox County 267
Randolph County 259
Cleburne County 212
Henry County 209
Lowndes County 209
Crenshaw County 182
Geneva County 173
Bullock County 149
Coosa County 116
Washington County 115

Affordable Housing by City in Alabama ranked by federally assisted units

We are tracking 240 cities in Alabama that have at least one Federally assisted housing community. With a population of 212,237, Birmingham has the largest population of these cities. There are 93 Federally assisted housing communities in Birmingham which are home to about 6,485 families, most of which are lower income families.

The table below provides a summary of all Federally assisted housing communities by city in Alabama. All the major affordable housing funding program breakdowns are provided. Click on the city name to get a full affordable rental housing report for each city in Alabama.

CityTotal Units
Birmingham 6,485
Mobile 4,226
Montgomery 3,443
Huntsville 2,406
Tuscaloosa 1,501
Dothan 981
Gadsden 931
Selma 882
Athens 869
Florence 854
Theodore 733
Phenix City 695
Decatur 669
Eufaula 662
Opelika 597
Enterprise 576
Tuskegee 575
Talladega 569
Cullman 539
Sylacauga 521
Greenville 487
Prattville 484
Madison 481
Scottsboro 467
Ozark 466
Albertville 450
Russellville 450
Troy 447
Greensboro 446
Northport 440
Auburn 436
Anniston 403
Foley 393
Hartselle 389
Fayette 388
Robertsdale 378
Thomasville 374
Alexander City 368
Bessemer 367
Andalusia 363
Bay Minette 359
Gulf Shores 355
Prichard 354
Eutaw 338
Jackson 332
Demopolis 327
Oneonta 312
Livingston 303
Brewton 299
Monroeville 296
Guin 293
Pell City 290
Fairhope 286
Tuscumbia 283
Butler 274
Center Point 270
Marion 259
Camden 258
Jasper 254
Haleyville 249
Uniontown 248
Arab 248
Hamilton 245
Rainbow City 244
Midland City 243
Saraland 242
Ariton 240
Millbrook 240
Loxley 240
Evergreen 240
Centreville 230
Boaz 225
Centre 221
Whistler 218
Falkville 216
Heflin 212
Bayou La Batre 200
Gardendale 200
Clanton 194
Atmore 192
Rogersville 191
Roanoke 188
Guntersville 188
Oxford 187
Moody 176
Cordova 176
Columbiana 174
Leeds 174
Moulton 172
Montevallo 168
Jacksonville 167
Vernon 167
Sulligent 166
Daleville 165
Lineville 160
Union Springs 149
East Brewton 148
Red Bay 145
Luverne 144
Winfield 143
Headland 142
Fort Payne 141
Grove Hill 139
Linden 139
Tallassee 139
Rainsville 136
Semmes 136
Aliceville 130
Carrollton 126
Ardmore 126
York 124
Clayton 123
Geneva 122
Ashland 120
Stevenson 120
Childersburg 120
Wetumpka 119
Eight Mile 114
Hanceville 114
Warrior 112
Opp 110
Florala 108
Valley 106
Courtland 104
Spanish Fort 104
Hurtsboro 103
Abbeville 102
Bridgeport 100
Bessermer 100
Fairfield 100
Gordo 99
Geraldine 98
Hayneville 97
Blountsville 96
Chatom 96
Town Creek 96
Orange Beach 94
Irondale 90
Ft Payne 88
Lafayette 84
Jemison 84
Clio 83
Gainesville 80
Altoona 80
Killen 80
Reform 80
Shawmut 72
Carbon Hill 71
Piedmont 70
St Arab 70
Pine Hill 69
Brundidge 68
New Hope 64
Boligee 64
Double Springs 63
Oakman 62
Fort Deposit 62
Cedar Bluff 62
Berry 61
Frisco City 60
Muscle Shoals 60
Goodwater 59
Rockford 57
Alex City 56
Phoenix City 56
Brent 56
Elba 51
Hartford 51
Citronelle 50
Calera 48
Castleberry 48
Wedowee 48
Lanett 48
Dadeville 48
Moundville 48
Collinsville 48
Morris 48
Cherokee 48
Dora 47
Georgiana 44
Pisgah 42
Flomaton 42
Onenota 40
Glencoe 40
Sumiton 40
Attalla 40
Brantley 38
Eastaboga 36
Leighton 32
Lexington 32
Phil Campbell 32
Ft Deposit 30
Brighton 30
Autaugaville 28
Eclectic 27
Tuskegee Inst 25
Flat Rock 24
Gilbertown 24
Lincoln 24
Addison 24
Grant 24
Elkmont 24
Leesburg 24
Millport 24
Munford 24
Elgin 24
Springville 24
West Blocton 24
Ragland 24
Akron 24
Wadley 23
Ashville 20
Tuskegee Institute 20
White Hall 20
Mckenzie 19
Millry 19
Louisville 19
Coffeeville 19
Mc Kenzie 19
Tyler 16
Woodville 16
Loachapoka 16
Camp Hill 16
Smiths 16
Elberta 16
Columbia 14
Fyffe 12
Section 12
Crossville 12
Notasulga 12
Summerdale 12
Anderson 12
Hackleburg 12
Weston 10
Daphne 10
Maplesville 8
Thorsby 8
Holly Pond 8
Red Level 8
Sheffield 7

Housing Authorities in Alabama ranked by assisted units and vouchers

Housing authorities are governmental (or quasi-governmental) entities that manage various Federal housing assistance programs on behalf of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These programs include Public Housing, Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers and other programs.

There are 146 housing authorities in Alabama. These housing authorities own and operate an aggregate of public housing units and administer Section 8 rental vouchers. Of the 146 housing authorities, 41.8% have both a public housing and Section 8 program.

The largest housing authority in Alabama by total housing assistance units managed is Housing Authority of the Birmingham District with 10,311 public housing units under management (5,123 public housing units and 5,188 Section 8 vouchers).

The table below provides a list of housing authorities in Alabama and includes each housing authorities public housing and Section 8 voucher count. Click on the housing authority name to get more details on the housing authority.

NamePublic Housing UnitsSection 8 Vouchers
Housing Authority of the Birmingham District 5,123 5,188
Mobile Housing Board 3,383 4,267
Housing Authority of the City of Montgomery 1,689 2,842
The Housing Authority of the City of Huntsville 1,836 1,554
The Housing Authority of the City of Prichard 356 2,598
HA Tuscaloosa 825 1,812
Jefferson County Housing Authority 573 1,678
HA Bessemer 1,194 539
Phenix City Housing Authority 924 772
Housing Authority of the City of Decatur 600 1,050
Selma Housing Authority 573 1,074
Housing Authority of the City of Dothan 670 715
Florence H/A 667 691
South Central Alabama Regional HA 281 897
HA Opelika 633 515
Greater Gadsden 968 112
Anniston HA 747 258
Ozark Housing Authority 388 434
Boaz Housing Authority 451 368
Eufaula Housing Authority 377 432
HA Northport 373 419
Fairfield Housing Authority 300 466
HA Troy 338 423
Housing Authority of the City of Alexander City 477 265
Sheffield Housing Authority 393 338
Sylacauga Housing Authority 624 -
Housing Authority of the City of Jasper 322 293
HA Auburn 304 280
Albertville Housing Authority 164 397
Tuskegee Housing Authority 392 158
Housing Authority of Hamilton, Alabama 478 72
Housing Authority of the City of Talladega, Al 498 30
The Guntersville Housing Authority 348 174
HA Cullman 320 183
HA Scottsboro 315 175
Housing Authority of the City of Fort Payne 279 111
HA Jacksonville 175 214
Housing Authority of the City of Greenville 200 181
HA Foley 87 279
Walker County Housing Authority 91 271
Housing Authority of the City of Lanett, Al 362 -
HA Leeds 158 182
Enterprise Housing Authority 149 190
Top of Alabama Regional Housing Authority 299 -
HA Russellville 209 90
Housing Authority of the City of Chickasaw 287 -
Haleyville Housing Authority 275 -
HA Opp 170 100
Evergreen Housing Authority 90 160
Lineville Housing Authority 191 55
HA Elba 125 119
Housing Authority of the City of Tuscumbia 240 -
Housing Authority of the City of Athens, Al 239 -
HA Columbiana 158 79
H A Oneonta 170 50
HA Samson 213 -
HA Piedmont 210 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Ashland 199 -
Housing Authority of Greene County, Al 191 -
York Housing Authority 90 100
Childersburg Housing Authority 189 -
Housing Authority of the City of Hartselle 185 -
Tarrant Housing Authority 96 87
Housing Authority of Guin, Alabama 183 -
Housing Authority of the City of Demopolis, Al 180 -
Housing Authority of the City of Clanton 178 -
HA Arab 105 69
Housing Authority of the City of Aliceville 173 -
HA Atmore 68 100
HA Tallassee 97 68
Housing Authority of Red Bay 163 -
Housing Authority of the City of Centre, Al 160 -
Regional HA of Lawrence, Cullman & Morgan Counties 156 -
Housing Authority of the City of Fayette 151 -
City of Union Springs Housing Authority 149 -
Uniontown Housing Authority 98 50
Housing Authority of the City of Prattville, Al 106 40
HA Monroeville 100 46
Mobile County Housing Authority 50 95
Housing Authority of the City of Vernon, Al 145 -
Housing Authority of the City of Luverne, Al 141 -
Winfield Housing Authority 135 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Calera 126 -
Housing Authority of the City of Sulligent, Al 123 -
HA Andalusia 120 -
Phil Campbell Housing Authority 62 53
Housing Authority of the City of Livingston 110 -
Housing Authority of the City of Carbon Hill 110 -
Housing Authority of the City of Attalla 108 -
HA Bay Minette 107 -
Housing Authority of the City of Lafayette 102 -
Housing Authority of the City of Brantley 100 -
Housing Authority of the City of Georgiana 100 -
Rainsville Housing Authority 98 -
Altoona Housing Authority 97 -
HA Midland City 46 50
Stevenson Housing Authority 90 -
Housing Authority of Boston 90 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Blountsville, Al 88 -
Housing Authority of the City of Brewton 80 -
Pell City Housing Authority 78 -
HA Ashford 76 -
Housing Authority of the City of Dadeville 74 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Montevallo 72 -
Housing Authority of the City of Daleville 70 -
Housing Authority of the City of Hartford 34 36
Housing Authority of the City of Brent 69 -
Housing Authority of the City of Greensboro 66 -
Housing Authority of the City of Bridgeport 62 -
Hackleburg Housing Authority 62 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Hobson City 60 -
HA Cordova 60 -
Housing Authority of Reform 60 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Berry 60 -
Collinsville Housing Authority 60 -
Ragland Housing Authority 60 -
Housing Authority of the City of Marion, Al 57 -
Housing Authority of the City of Moulton, Al 57 -
Cottonwood Housing Authority 53 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Hanceville 51 -
Housing Authority of the City of Linden 50 -
Housing Authority of the City of Headland, Al 50 -
Housing Authority of the City of Roanoke, Al 50 -
Housing Authority of the City of Eutaw 49 -
Housing Authority of the City of Valley 49 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Fort Deposit 48 -
HA Millport 44 -
Housing Authority of the City of Florala 42 -
Brundidge Housing Authority 41 -
Sumiton Housing Authority 41 -
Housing Authority of the Town of New Brockton 40 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Clayton 40 -
Abbeville Housing Authority 40 -
Housing Authority of the City of Goodwater 39 -
Housing Authority of the City of Heflin 34 -
Housing Authority of the City of Newton 33 -
Vincent Housing Authority 32 -
Washington County Housing Authority 30 -
Crossville Housing Auhtority 30 -
Triana Housing Authority 24 -
Bear Creek Housing Authority 24 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Parrish 18 -
Housing Authority of the City of Columbia 17 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Kennedy 14 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Slocomb 14 -
Housing Authority of the Town of Valley Head, Al 8 -

Federally Assisted Affordable Rental Housing

According to our affordable housing data, Alabama has a total of 1,257 rental properties that receive at least one form of Federal housing assistance and are at least partially reserved for low income persons. These properties contain an estimated 59,330 rental housing units. (Note: Some of the Federal source data we use does not include total unit count for a property -- most notably the LIHTC database -- so the number of units listed here may be less than the actual.)

The Low Income Housing Tax Credit Program is the largest assistance program by unit count. The program assists 32,034 in Alabama. The charts below lay out how each Federal program impact affordable housing in Alabama.

Federal Programs By Unit Count Hover over a bar to view